[45] The wolf was delisted as endangered once their population levels had reached management objectives and limited hunting of wolves was permitted in the forest starting in 2012. The only manner in which people can enter wilderness areas is either on foot or horseback. A federally designated National Scenic Byways All-American Road, the Beartooth Highway (U.S. Highway 212), weaves through the forest and serves as the northeastern entranceway to Yellowstone National Park. There are over 500 lakes in the forest, and 1,000 mi (1,600 km) of streams and rivers. The Desolation Wilderness provides a home for many species of plants, fish and wildlife. The New Zealand mud snail has been found in the Shoshone River east of the forest. [68] Higher elevations in the forest not only get more precipitation than lower elevations, but also have lower overall temperatures, with summertime highs around 60 °F (16 °C) and lows near 35 °F (2 °C) while lower elevations may be 20 °F (−7 °C) or warmer on average. [7] At the Fort Bridger Treaty Council of 1868 Washakie negotiated with the U.S. Government for 44,000,000 acres (18,000,000 ha)) to be preserved as tribal lands. It has reportedly lost over 50 percent of its volume since 1920 with 25 percent of that occurring between the years 1980–1999. The Desolation Wilderness is a 63,960-acre (258.8 km2) federally protected wilderness area in the Eldorado National Forest and Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit, in El Dorado County, California. Raynolds. [104] 1,000 miles (1,600 km) of streams and a hundred lakes that can be legally fished from provide plenty of elbow room during even the most crowded of fishing seasons. [26] The headquarters and a visitor center are in Cody, Wyoming and a smaller information center is in Lander, Wyoming. [40], Since the migration of the endangered gray wolf into Shoshone National Forest after the successful wolf reintroduction program in the Yellowstone region commenced in the mid-1990s, all of the known 70 mammal species that existed prior to white settlement still exist in the forest. [5] Originally a part of the Yellowstone Timberland Reserve, the forest is managed by the United States Forest Service and was created by an act of Congress and signed into law by U.S. President Benjamin Harrison in 1891. [48] Wolverines are rare and elusive so documentation is often only from their tracks. [86] The behavior of the glaciers of Shoshone National Forest is consistent with this pattern. The Absaroka and Beartooth Mountains are partly in the northern section of the forest. [1], Before European settlement in the mid-19th century, there is evidence this area was used by the Washoe. The most extensive forested areas are found on moist soils bordering lakes, streams, and meadows. [28] The forest averages an annual harvest of 4.5 million board-feet of timber for the purposes of commercial log home construction and another 2.5 million board-feet of wood collection from dead and down trees that are used for firewood and poles. [55] Bison and pronghorn antelope are two other ungulates that live on the forest and have sustainable populations. [87], Gannett Glacier, on the northeast slope of Gannett Peak, is the largest single glacier in the U.S. Rocky Mountains. Download free books in PDF format. The evidence indicates the cave was occupied from at least 7280 BC to 1580 AD. Forest managers have established a preventative program to try to keep these species from entering forest waterways. * - Main goods are marked with red color . 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