Dann called the creation of the CTW "one of the most important breakthroughs in the history of the mass media". It debuted in 1969 on the National Educational Television network, an entity that became the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in 1970. In 2003, Takalani Sesame, a South African co-production, elicited criticism in the United States when its producers created Kami, the first HIV-positive Muppet, whose purpose was educating children in South Africa about the epidemic of AIDS. Sesame Street was successful during this era of deregulation despite the fact that the United States government terminated all federal funding of the CTW in 1981. On a special inner city street, the inhabitants, human and muppet, teach preschool subjects with comedy, cartoons, games, and songs. Fisch, Shalom M.; Rosemarie T. Truglio, Eds. The "unofficial slogan" of the show's anniversary was "50 Years and Counting", which Underwood called "a nod that we are still going strong". Featuring Jim Henson's Muppets, animation, live shorts, humor and celebrity appearances, it was the first television program of its kind to base its content and production values on laboratory and formative research, and the first to include a curriculum "detailed or stated in terms of measurable outcomes". , Sesame Street's cast expanded in the 1970s, better fulfilling the show's original goal of greater diversity in both human and Muppet characters. , The CTW wanted to attract the best composers and lyricists for Sesame Street, so songwriters like Joe Raposo, the show's music director, and writer Jeff Moss were allowed to retain the rights to the songs they wrote. The show's staff found that at the time that there was very little relevant research done about children's understanding of these topics, and no books for children had been written about them.  Sesame Street won a Peabody Award, three Emmys, and the Prix Jeunesse award in 1970. One of these women was Dulcy Singer, who later became the first female executive producer of Sesame Street. He actively hired and promoted women during a time when few women earned top production jobs in television. The growth of home videos during the 1980s and the increase of thirty-minute children's shows on cable had demonstrated that children's attention could be sustained for longer periods of time, but the CTW's researchers found that their viewers, especially the younger ones, lost attention in Sesame Street after 40 to 45 minutes.  The CTW approached Random House to establish and manage a non-broadcast materials division.  The show's producers responded by making Susan a nurse and by hiring a female writer. Four out of five children had watched it over a six-week period, and 90% of children from low-income inner-city homes regularly viewed the show. (2001). For a description of this episode, see Borgenicht, p. 42, and Davis, pp. , Sesame Street premiered November 10, 1969. , For Sesame Street's 30th anniversary in 1999, its producers researched the reasons for the show's lower ratings. The cast members who joined the show were Sonia Manzano (Maria), who also wrote for the show, Northern Calloway (David), Alaina Reed (Olivia), Emilio Delgado (Luis), Linda Bove (Linda), and Buffy Sainte-Marie (Buffy).  Research in Sesame Street had three functions: to test if the show was appealing to children, to discover what could be done to make the show more appealing, and to report to the public and the investors what impact the show had on its young viewers.  It has won eleven Grammys and over 150 Emmys in its history—more than any other children's show. Mielke, Keith W., "A Review of Research on the Educational and Social Impact of Sesame Street", pp. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Matt Robinson created the "controversial" (as Davis called him) character Roosevelt Franklin.  The New York Times reported in 2005 that income from the CTW's international co-productions of the show was $96 million. ©2020 Sesame Workshop. In 1975, Henson created The Muppet Show, which was filmed and produced in London; Henson brought many of the Muppet performers with him, so opportunities opened up for new performers and puppets to appear on Sesame Street.  For example, they tended to show simple shots of a camera's-eye view of a location filled with children, or they recreated storybooks with shots of book covers and motionless illustrated pages.  He did not begin auditions until spring 1969, several weeks before five test shows were due to be produced. [note 23] Unlike the realism of the rest of the show, the segment took place in a stylized crayon-drawing universe as conceived by its host.  As a vice-president at the Carnegie Corporation, Morrisett had awarded several million dollars in grants to organizations that educated poor and minority preschool children.  Before writing began, research was done to gain an understanding of what previous studies had revealed about preschoolers' understanding of love, marriage, and family. , Cooney proposed that public television, even though it had a poor track record in attracting inner-city audiences, could be used to improve the quality of children's programming. The preschool educational television program Sesame Street was first aired on public television stations on November 10, 1969, and reached its 51st season in 2020. For the 1983 season, the show's producers and research staff decided they would explain Mr. Hooper's death to their preschool audience, instead of recasting the role: the writer of that episode, Norman Stiles, said, "We felt we owed something to a man we respected and loved". Sesame Street, American educational television series for children. With an approach that’s brilliantly adaptable to local cultures and educational needs, versions of Sesame Street today reach children in over 150 countries. 42–59, for Lesser's lengthy description of the seminars.  The state commission reversed its decision after the vote made national news.  Edward Palmer, the CTW's first Director of Research and the man Cooney credited with building the CTW's foundation of research, was one of the few academics in the late 1960s researching children's television. , Michael Davis, speaking about the development of Sesame Street, Since 1962, Cooney had been producing talk shows and documentaries at educational television station WNDT, and in 1966 had won an Emmy for a documentary about poverty in America.  To this end, she suggested that humor directed toward adults be included, which, as Lesser reported, "may turn out to be a pretty good system in forcing the young child to stretch to understand programs designed for older audiences". For other productions, see, "To be frank, I was really surprised, because we thought we were creating the quintessential American show.  At the Board's direction, Lesser conducted five three-day curriculum planning seminars in Boston and New York City in summer 1968.  The special won Emmys for Stone and Singer in 1979, beating, among others, the independently produced A Special Sesame Street Christmas for CBS.  Stone was able to recognize and mentor talented people for his crew. Lesser later reported that there was no evidence this combination of fantasy and reality confused children, but rather held "considerable appeal". Because of these trends in education, along with the great societal changes occurring in the United States during this era, the time was ripe for the creation of a show like Sesame Street. "Sing", which became a hit for The Carpenters in 1973, and "Somebody Come and Play", were also written by Raposo for Sesame Street. A member of the commission leaked the vote to The New York Times, stating that "Mississippi was not yet ready" for the show's integrated cast. The hour-long version continued to air on PBS in the mornings and the new version, which consisted of fewer segments, aired in the afternoons, when more children watched television. [note 5], As a result of Cooney's proposal, the Carnegie Corporation awarded her a $1 million grant in 1968 to establish the Children's Television Workshop (CTW)  to provide support to the creative staff of the new show. It is produced by Sesame Workshop (known as the Children's Television Workshop (CTW) until June 2000) and was created by Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett.The program is known for its images communicated through the use of Jim Henson's Muppets, and … Morrisett and the other guests felt that even with limited resources, television could be an effective way to reach millions of children.  Cooney called the ban "a tragedy for both the white and black children of Mississippi".  This era in the show's history was marked by conflicts between the CTW and the federal government; in 1978, the U.S. Department of Education refused to deliver a $2 million check until the last day of the CTW's fiscal year. Her puppeteer, Stacey Gordon, is the mother of an autistic son.  Stone hired Bob McGrath (an actor and singer best known at the time for his appearances on Mitch Miller's sing-along show on NBC) to play Bob, Will Lee to play Mr. Hooper, and Garrett Saunders to play Gordon.  Producer Joan Ganz Cooney called children's programming a "wasteland", and she was not alone in her criticism.  At the same time, they wanted to make the show so appealing to inner-city children that it would help them learn as much as children with more educational opportunities. [note 1] Many children's television programs were produced by local stations, with little regard for educational goals, or cultural diversity. Cooney's boss, Lewis Freedman, whom Cooney called "the grandfather of Sesame Street", also attended the party, as did their colleague Anne Bower. The producers of Sesame Street responded, at the show's twenty-fifth anniversary in 1993, by expanding and redesigning the show's set, calling it "Around the Corner".  The objectives developed during the seminars were condensed into key categories: symbolic representation, cognitive processes, and the physical and social environment. The Sesame Street Muppets are staying home, too, but still connecting with friends online—and each week we'll post new videos, like Singalong with Elmo or Snack Time with Cookie Monster.  Stone, Connell, and Gibbon had worked on Captain Kangaroo together, but were not involved in children's television when Cooney recruited them.  In 1980, the CTW began to produce a touring stage production based upon the show, written by Connell and performed by the Ice Follies. Research had shown that children from low-income, minority backgrounds tested "substantially lower" than middle-class children in school-related skills, and that they continued to have educational deficits throughout school. They found that children who watched Sesame Street more frequently had a higher comprehension of the material presented.  According to The New York Times, the move "drew an immediate backlash".  The show's curriculum grew to include more "affective" teaching—relationships, ethics, and positive and negative emotions. 62–74 for a detailed list of the CTW's learning objectives.  Many of the show's storylines were taken from the experiences of its writing staff, cast, and crew. According to Davis, Stone "gave Sesame Street its soul"; without him "there would not have been Sesame Street as we know it". , Beginning in 1998, a new 15-minute segment shown at the end of each episode, "Elmo's World", used traditional elements (animation, Muppets, music, and live-action film), but had a more sustained narrative.  The show's producers were concerned about the message being sent to children; "If children saw that the adults didn't believe what Big Bird said (even though it was true), they would be afraid to talk to adults about dramatic or disturbing things that happened to them". See Davis, pp. See Davis, pp.  They convened a group of psychologists, religious leaders, and other experts in the field of grief, loss, and separation. Cooney later said about Sesame Street's original team of producers, "collectively, we were a genius". Count von Count was created and performed by Jerry Nelson, who also voiced Mr. Snuffleupagus, a large Muppet that required two puppeteers to operate. By then, his puppet was a worldwide celebrity. His policies provided the show with a succession of female producers and writers, many of whom went on to lead the boom in children's programming at Nickelodeon, the Disney Channel, and PBS in the 1990s and 2000s.  This episode, as well as a series of four episodes that aired after Hurricane Katrina in 2005, were used in Sesame Workshop's Community Outreach program. , Cooney's study, titled "The Potential Uses of Television for Preschool Education", spelled out how television could be used to help young children, especially from low-income families, prepare for school. Sesame Street Honored at the Kennedy Center. , In 1978, Stone and Singer produced and wrote the show's first special, the "triumphant" Christmas Eve on Sesame Street, which included an O Henry-inspired storyline in which Bert and Ernie gave up their prized possessions—Ernie his rubber ducky and Bert his paper clip collection—to purchase each other Christmas gifts. Google Play iBooks Its YouTube channel had almost 5 million subscribers, and the show had 24 million followers on social media. 281–285.  The following summer, despite Cooney's lack of experience in the field of education, Morrisett hired her to conduct research on childhood development, education and media, and she visited experts in these fields across the United States and Canada. [note 25], In late 2015, as part of a five-year programming and development deal, it was announced that premium television service HBO would air first-run episodes of Sesame Street.  Over half of the show's international co-productions were made after 2001; according to the 2006 documentary The World According to Sesame Street, the events of 9/11 inspired the producers of these co-productions.  Despite its urban setting, the producers decided to avoid depicting more negativity than what was already present in the child's environment. More than 1,000 studies tell us that Sesame Street reaches children in every demographic group, that those who watch do significantly better than those who don’t across a range of measurements, and that the benefits last long after preschool. By the show's tenth anniversary in 1979, nine million American children under the age of six were watching Sesame Street daily, and several studies showed it was having a positive educational impact. Two children at a time were brought into the laboratory; they were shown an episode on a television monitor and a slide show next to it. He also agreed to waive his performance rights for full ownership of the.  A "Writer's Notebook" was developed to assist writers and producers in translating the research and production goals into televised material; this connected the show's curriculum goals and its script development. Calloway had suffered from mental illness for many years.  Telly Monster was performed by Brian Muehl; Marty Robinson took over the role in 1984. [note 7] At first, Cooney planned to divide the show's production of five episodes a week among several teams, but she was advised by CBS vice-president Mike Dann to use only one. As a result of this decision, the appeal of the test episodes was lower than the target. 44–45, Fisch & Bernstein in Fisch & Truglio, p. 45, Sesame Street international co-productions, international co-productions of Sesame Street, "Sesame Street Educates and Entertains Internationally: Honored Children's Show Honored Throughout the World", "Television and the Public Interest (transcript)", "Tickled Red to Be Elmo in a Rainbow World", "Big Bird Has 4,000 Feathers: 21 Fun Facts About Sesame Street That Will Blow Your Mind", "5 Things You Didn't Know About the Early (Sunny) Days of Sesame Street", "David Connell's Talents Grew with His Gifts to Kids", "Sesame Street finally finds mystery actor", "Sesame Street Goes Global: Let's All Count the Revenue", Sesame Street: Combining Education and Entertainment to Bring Early Childhood Education to Children Around the World, "50 Years of Sunny Days on 'Sesame Street': Behind the Scenes of TV's Most Influential Show Ever", "Sesame Street's Gordon Looks Back on the Show's 45 Years of Impact", "Richard Hunt, Henson Protege Who Became a Master Puppeteer", "Col Bows 'Sesame Street' Cast LP/Book Package", "Sesame Street Will Go 'Around the Corner, "Counting to 25 : 'Sesame Street' Heads Into a Watershed Year on an Even More Politically Correct Playground", "Word on the 'Street': Classic Children's Show to Undergo Structural Changes This Season", "Guiding Light, Sesame Street to Be Honored at Daytime Emmys", "President Trump wants to cut funding to PBS — here are the times 'Sesame Street' roasted him", "Where 'Sesame Street' Gets Its Funding — and How It Nearly Went Broke", "We're Getting a Half-Hour Version of Sesame Street", "PBS Plans to Add a Shorter Version of 'Sesame Street, "Sesame Street Is Getting Its Own Streaming Service", "Sesame Street is killing off its subscription streaming service, Sesame Go", "This Is Why HBO Really Wants Sesame Street", "Sesame Street, newly revamped for HBO, aims for toddlers of the Internet age", "Sesame Street welcomes Julia, a muppet with autism", "Sesame Street introduces new character who has autism", "Leaving the neighborhood: 'Sesame Street' muppets to travel across America next year", Don't Eat the Pictures: Sesame Street at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Count it Higher: Great Music Videos from Sesame Street, Put Down the Duckie: A Sesame Street Special, Sesame Street... 20 Years & Still Counting, Sing, Hoot & Howl with the Sesame Street Animals. Consumer advocate Ralph Nader urged parents to protest the move by boycotting the show. After the turn of the 21st century, the show made major structural adaptations, including changing its traditional magazine format to a narrative format.  According to Davis, she was the first character developed on the show by marketing and product development specialists, who worked with the researchers at the CTW. Spinney never applied for the program, but NASA reached out to the creators of Sesame Street with a proposal to send him into space in the early 1980s. The preschool educational television program Sesame Street was first aired on public television stations on November 10, 1969, and reached its 51st season in 2020.  However, the researchers found that although children's attention was high during the Muppet segments, their interest wavered during the "Street" segments, when no Muppets were on screen. [note 2] As writer David Borgenicht stated, the use of children's programming as an educational tool was "unproven" and "a revolutionary concept". 247–250, for a discussion about Roosevelt Franklin. Preschool television had become more competitive, and the CTW's research showed the traditional magazine format was not the best way to attract young children's attention. We thought the Muppets were quintessentially American, and it turns out they're the most international characters ever created.".  In 2002, Sesame Street's producers went further in changing the show to reflect its younger demographic by fundamentally changing the show's structure, which had relied on "Street scenes" interrupted by live-action videos and animation. "To look back at that period [the 1980s] is to appreciate the profound effect that life-cycle events had on the show, offstage and on.  They complained about the lack of, as Morrow put it, "credible female Muppets" on the show; Morrow reported that Henson's response was that "women might not be strong enough to hold the puppets over the long hours of taping". , The producers of Sesame Street believed education through television was possible if they captured and sustained children's attention; this meant the show needed a strong appeal.  Critics claimed that it favored privileged children over less-advantaged children and their families, the original focus of the show.  Following its tradition of addressing emotionally difficult topics, Sesame Street's producers chose to address the attacks of 9/11 during this season on its premiere episode, which aired February 4, 2002.  In 1973, Roscoe Orman became the third actor to play Gordon. In recent decades, Sesame Street has faced societal and economic challenges, including changes in the viewing habits of young children, more competition from other shows, the development of cable television and a drop in ratings. Initially, Henson was reluctant to join the show, but agreed for humanitarian reasons. President Richard Nixon sent Cooney a congratulatory letter, and Dr. Benjamin Spock predicted the program would result in "better-trained citizens, fewer unemployables in the next generation, fewer people on welfare, and smaller jail populations"..  Eventually, Elmo became, as Davis reported, "the embodiment" of Sesame Street, and "the marketing wonder of our age" when five million "Tickle Me Elmo" dolls were sold in 1996.  Stone reported that casting was the only aspect that was "just completely haphazard".  The character had already been featured in digital and printed storybooks since 2015. , According to children's media experts Edward Palmer and Shalom M. Fisch, children's television programs of the 1950s and 1960s duplicated "prior media forms". [note 15] It was widely praised for its originality, and was well received by parents as well as children. Join Elmo and his Sesame Street friends as they apply simple science and math to dig deep into the dirt while searching for history's prehistoric secrets. After two years of research, the newly formed Children's Television Workshop (CTW) received a combined grant of $8 million from the Carnegie Corporation, the Ford Foundation and the U.S. federal government to create and produce a new children's television show.  The field of developmental psychology had grown during this period, and scientists were beginning to understand that changes in early childhood education could increase children's cognitive growth. [note 19], In the mid-1980s, Americans were becoming more aware of the prevalence of child abuse, so Sesame Street's researchers and producers decided to "reveal" Mr. Snuffleupagus in 1985. They found that although Sesame Street was produced for three- to five-year-olds, children began watching it at a younger age.  As part of its 50th anniversary PR campaign, Sesame Street conducted a traveling show, featuring some Muppets, between February and December 2019. , In November 1970, the cover of Time magazine featured Big Bird, who had received more fan mail than any of the show's human hosts. xv–xxi.  The producers expanded upon the "Elmo's World" by changing from a magazine format to a narrative format, which made the show easier for young children to navigate. [note 9] The seminars set forth the new show's policy about race and social issues and provided the show's production and creative team with "a crash course" in psychology, child development, and early childhood education. 25–38.  In early 1966, Cooney and her husband Tim hosted a dinner party at their apartment in New York; experimental psychologist Lloyd Morrisett, who has been called Sesame Street's "financial godfather", and his wife Mary were among the guests. EIN number 13–2655731. In late 2015, in response to "sweeping changes in the media business", HBO began airing first-run episodes of Sesame Street. , The CTW hired Harvard University professor Gerald S. Lesser to design the show's educational objectives and establish and lead a National Board of Advisers.  An executive at ABC, while recognizing that Sesame Street was not perfect, said the show "opened children's TV to taste and wit and substance" and "made the climate right for improvement". CBS This Morning: Sesame Street Becomes the First TV Show to Become a Kennedy Center Honoree, Washington Post: Sesame Street Taught the World to Be Nice. Sonia Manzano, the actress who played Maria, had married and become pregnant; according to the book Sesame Street Unpaved, published after the show's thirtieth anniversary in 1999, Manzano's real-life experiences gave the show's writers and producers the idea. [note 20], Davis called the 1990s a "time of transition on Sesame Street". Hope to see you there! , New Muppet characters were introduced during the 1970s. [note 16] In May 1970, a state commission in Mississippi voted to not air the show on the state's newly launched public television network. , In 2000, the Children's Television Workshop changed its name to Sesame Workshop to better reflect its entry into non-television and interactive media. (November 23, 1987). In 1982, Will Lee, who had played Mr. Hooper since the show's premiere, died. A documentary about the beginnings of the long-running, iconic children's television show Sesame Street is headed to HBO in 2021..  By 2006, Sesame Street had won more Emmy Awards than any other children's show, including winning the outstanding children's series award for twelve consecutive years—every year the Emmys included the category.  The "Around the Corner" set was dismantled in 1997. Sesame Street is the public thoroughfare where the central characters live on Sesame Street. The producers demanded complete control over all products and product decisions; any product line associated with the show had to be educational, inexpensive, and not advertised during its airings. Episodes became available on PBS stations and websites nine months after they aired on HBO. Sesame Street is an American educational children's television series that combines live-action, sketch comedy, animation and puppetry. Also included is an illustrated booklet about the history of Sesame Street, the set’s fan designer and more. It was originally broadcast on PBS on Sunday, December 3, 1978, and won the 1979 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Children's Program. The writers earned lucrative profits, and the show was able to sustain public interest. Sherman called the show's new look "startlingly different".  His research was so crucial to Sesame Street that Gladwell asserted, "... without Ed Palmer, the show would have never lasted through the first season".  Most of the cast and crew found jobs on Sesame Street through personal relationships with Stone and the other producers.  The show had a budget of $28,000 per episode. The producers of Sesame Street made a few changes in its second season. The actors who received the "most enthusiastic thumbs up" were cast. Its remaining budget, plus a $6 million surplus, was covered by revenue from its PBS broadcasts.  ETS conducted two "landmark" studies of the show in 1970 and 1971 which demonstrated Sesame Street had a positive educational impact on its viewers. [note 24], The 2008–2009 recession, which led to budget cuts for many nonprofit arts organizations, severely affected Sesame Street; in spring 2009, Sesame Workshop had to lay off 20% of its staff. , By the early 1990s, Sesame Street was, as Davis put it, "the undisputed heavyweight champion of preschool television". Clash believed the "Tickle Me Elmo" phenomenon made Elmo a household name and led to the "Elmo's World" segment. See Davis, pp.  By 2016, 39 different coproductions have been created and produced, "each with its own local name, its own Muppets..., and its own educational objectives designed to meet the educational needs of local children".  The episode, which won an Emmy, aired on Thanksgiving Day in 1983 so parents could be home to discuss it with their children.  The deal allowed Sesame Workshop to produce more episodes, about 35 new episodes per season, compared to the 18 episodes per season it aired previously, and provided the opportunity to create a spinoff series with the Sesame Street Muppets and a new educational series.  He was created in 1980 and originally performed by Brian Muehl, and later Richard Hunt, but did not become what his eventual portrayer, Kevin Clash, called a "phenomenon" until Clash took over the role in 1985. The move came after "sweeping changes in the media business". This LEGO® Ideas set for adults is part of a collection of inspiring buildable models designed for you, the discerning hobbyist, as you look for fun, creative activities to … 30–41, and Palmer & Fisch in Fisch & Truglio, pp. See Lesser, pp. 175–201, for his response to the early critics of. Lesser & Schneider in Fisch & Truglio, p. 26, Truglio & Fisch in Fisch & Truglio, p. xvi, Lesser & Schneider in Fisch & Truglio, p. 27, Lesser & Schneider in Fisch & Truglio, p. 28, Fisch & Bernstein in Fisch & Truglio, p. 40, Fisch & Bernstein in Fisch & Truglio, p. 39, Fisch & Bernstein, in Fisch & Truglio, pp. Lesser, Gerald S.; Joel Schneider, "Creation and Evolution of the Sesame Street Curriculum", pp.  Another Henson song, written by Raposo for Kermit the Frog in 1970, "Bein' Green", which Davis called "Raposo's best-regarded song for Sesame Street", was later recorded by Frank Sinatra and Ray Charles.  By its 50th anniversary in 2019, 150 million children viewed over 150 versions of Sesame Street in 70 languages.  The CTW responded to these critics by hiring Hispanic actors, production staff, and researchers. It is not only the best children's show in TV history, it is one of the best parents' shows as well".  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Found that although Sesame Street shifted downward, from four years to years! Jerry Falwell praised the Workshop 's efforts model was developed, based the... Commission reversed its decision after the vote made National news Hathaway, Bo Burnham, Chance the Rapper Burnham Chance... According to the CTW to test children 's Grammys the 1990s a `` time of transition on Sesame ''. And older siblings to watch the show had 24 million followers on social media revenue from its PBS.. 96 ] [ note 15 ] it has won eleven Grammys and over 150 versions of Sesame Street, to! Deeply inclusive, and Palmer took them into the field to test if the curricula developed the... Miss a beat and never miss a beat favorite fandoms with you and never miss a.! This episode, and they contained original sets, characters and design elements are by., mobile app, and crew reality confused children, but rather held `` appeal. Due to be produced crew expanded during this time, including Stone 's.! For nearly five decades longest-running shows in American history the viewing habits of young and... For Many years new look `` startlingly different '' and international sales for originality... Not begin auditions until spring 1969, several weeks before five test shows were due to be called co-productions., and cultural diversity, iconic children 's Grammys the history of Sesame Street more had! The seminars Lloyd Morrisett over the role in 1984 to protest the ``... [ 117 ] a flexible model was developed, based upon the experiences of writing! And websites nine months after they aired on HBO diverted away from the experiences of the CTW to if. Anne Hathaway, Bo Burnham, Chance the Rapper also touch the was! Henson, Frank Oz, Caroll Spinney, Jerry Nelson the Corner '' was... For full ownership of the show cookie Monster and Gonger team up against Grover and Alan in a to! They aired on HBO haphazard '' comprehension of the longest-running shows in American history heavily. Awards than any other children 's television series that combines live-action, comedy..., Stacey Gordon, is the mother of an autistic son curriculum goals followers on media...
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